In the 2019/20 winter semester, approximately 411,600 people with foreign citizenship studied at German universities. 78% of these students acquired the necessary higher education entrance qualification abroad.
73 % of international students in Germany were enrolled at universities in 2019. The proportion of German students at universities in the same period was only 62 %.
Overall, the proportion of international students in Germany in 2019 was 11.1 %. The most significant region of origin is Asia and the Pacific with 30 %. Western Europe follows in second place with 18 %, as does North Africa and the countries of the Middle East, also with a share of 18 %.
Regions of origin and countries
In first place among international students in Germany are students from China, with 13 % for the past 20 years. India takes second place with 20,600 students in Germany. Syria has seen the most rapid development within the last three years due to the civil war, with a growth rate of 275 %. With around 13,000 students in Germany, Syria is currently in third place.
From Western Europe, the most important countries of origin are Austria (about 11,500 students), Italy (about 9,200 students) and France (about 7,000 students). The top places from Eastern Europe and Central Asia are occupied by Russia (around 10,400 students) and Ukraine (around 6,900 students). In Central and Southeastern Europe, Turkey (around 8,500 students), Bulgaria (around 6,200 students) and Poland (around 4,700 students) are in the lead.
Degree types and subjects
At universities, 41 % of international students aim for a master’s degree, 29 % for a bachelor’s degree and 12% for a doctorate. At universities of applied sciences, a bachelor’s degree (62 %) is more popular than a master’s degree (30 %).
One in three international students at universities is enrolled in an engineering subject (34 %), at universities of applied sciences one in two (54 %). Law, economics and social sciences also account for a high proportion.
Source: Wissenschaft weltoffen