Countries with Visa Requirements

The Schengen Agreement prescribes the visa requirements for entry into the Schengen area. However, there are additional agreements that exempt nationals of certain countries from this obligation.

Who needs a Schengen visa?

Not all nationals of non-Schengen states require a short stay visa. In many cases, there are mutual agreements on freedom of travel. The following third countries (or administrative regions) do not require a visa under these arrangements if the stay does not exceed 90 days within a 180-day period:

Background

Regulation (EU) 2018/1806 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 November 2018 specifies which third countries do not need a visa to enter the Schengen area.

  • Andorra
  • Arab Emirates (*3)
  • Albania (*1)
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (*1)
  • Barbados
  • Brunei
  • Brazil
  • Bahamas
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Dominica (*3)
  • El Salvador

*1 The visa exemption applies only to holders of the “Região Administrativa Especial de Macau” passport.

*3 ​The visa waiver applies only to holders of biometric passports issued in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.

  • Georgia (*1)
  • Grenada (*3)
  • Grenadines (*1)
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong (*6)
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Kiribati (*3)
  • Macao (*7)
  • Malaysia
  • Marshall Islands (*1)
  • Mauritius
  • Macedonia (*2)
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (*3)
  • Moldova (*2)
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro (*3)

*1 The visa exemption applies only to holders of the “Região Administrativa Especial de Macau” passport.

*2 The visa exemption applies from the date of entry into force of an agreement on the waiver of visas to be concluded with the European Union.

*3 The visa waiver applies only to holders of biometric passports issued in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.

*6 The visa exemption applies only to holders of biometric passports issued by the Ukraine in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.

*7 The visa exemption applies only to holders of the “Hong Kong Special Administrative Region” passport.

  • Nauru (*1)
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Palau (*1)
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru (*1)
  • Solomon Islands
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Serbia (*3) (*4)
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • St. Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia (*3)
  • Saint Vincent (*1)
  • South Korea

*1 The visa exemption applies only to holders of the “Região Administrativa Especial de Macau” passport.

*3 The visa waiver applies only to holders of biometric passports issued in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.

*4 The visa exemption applies only to holders of biometric passports.

  • Taiwan (*8)
  • Timor-Leste (*1)
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tonga (*1)
  • Tuvalu (*1)
  • Ukraine (*5)
  • United States / USA
  • Uruguay
  • Vanuatu (*1)
  • Vatican
  • Venezuela

*1 The visa exemption applies only to holders of the “Região Administrativa Especial de Macau” passport.

*5 Excluded are holders of Serbian passports issued by the Serbian Coordination Directorate “Koordinaciona uprava”.

*8 The visa exemption applies only to holders of the “Hong Kong Special Administrative Region” passport.

Good to Know

For long-term stays in a Schengen country, these countries also require a visa or national residence permit. You can either apply for a National Visa (D) in advance or you can appear at the Immigration Office of the respective country within 90 days for a residence permit.

The exemption for short stays also applies to UK citizens around the world:

These countries require a Schengen visa

If there is no agreement on the visa-free regulation between the home country and the EU, the normal visa requirement according to the Schengen Agreement will apply. The following overview shows the countries and local authorities whose citizens also have to apply for a visa for short-term stays:

  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Burkina
  • Bolivien
  • Botsuana
  • Burkina
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Cape Verde
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cuba
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Dominican Republic
  • Djibouti
  • Ecuador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Egypt
  • Eritrea
  • Eswatini
  • Ethiopia
  • Faso
  • Fiji

  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Iran
  • Ivory Coast
  • Jamaica
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Lesotho
  • Lebanon
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Morocco
  • Mauritania
  • Myanmar / Burma
  • Mongolia
  • Mozambique

  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palestinian Authority
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Philippines
  • Principe
  • Qatar
  • Rwanda
  • Russia
  • Sao Tome
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somali
  • Sri Lanka
  • South Africa
  • Sudan
  • South Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Syria

  • Tanzania
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uganda
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

  • Special regulation for Airport Transit

    For some countries, the visa requirement is waived if you do not leave the transit area of the airport.

    Who needs an Airport Transit Visa?

    Citizens of certain countries also need a visa to stop at an airport in the Schengen area. Holders of an Airport Transit Visa (A) may not leave the transit area of the airport.

    The following list shows all countries whose nationals in principle require a visa for transit at the airport in the Schengen area:

    In addition, many Schengen countries also require visas from travellers of different states.

    Additional visa requirement

    These Schengen states require a visa for other countries:

    Dominican Republic, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nepal, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria

    Syria

    India, Jordan, Lebanon, Mali, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Turkey

    Cameroon, Congo (Brazzaville), Chad, Central African Republic, Dominican Republic, Guinea, Haiti, India, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Lebanon, Mali, Mauritania, Palestine, Philippines, Russia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria

    Sudan, Syria

    Senegal, Syria

    Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nepal, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Togo

    Cuba, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nepal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria

    Syria

    Guinea, Senegal

    Syria, Turkey

    Cameroon, Cuba, Djibouti, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Syria, Togo

    Chad, Egypt, India, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Palestine, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Yemen

    Exceptions

    Citizens of countries requiring a visa do not need a visa for airport transit if they: