The Social Security Number

What is the social security number and what do you need it for?

Registration with the pension insurance is mandatory for all employees in Germany. In the course of registering with the pension insurance, you will be assigned your social security number. It is your personal identification number for the pension insurance and consists of 12 numbers and letters: 

– The digits 1 and 2 correspond to the area number of the allocation agency.
– Digits 3 to 8 are your date of birth.
– Digit 9 is the first letter of your maiden name.
– Digits 10 and 11 are the serial number
– The last and 12th digit is the check digit.

When and where do I get my social security number?

1. Your employer takes over the registration with the pension insurance.

If your employer takes over the registration with the pension insurance, your personal social security number will be conveniently sent to you by mail. You should therefore inform your contact person at the company in advance that this is your first job.

2. You have to apply for your social security number yourself

Some companies instruct their (future) employees to apply for the social security number themselves before starting employment. Where you get the number varies depending on your employment.

2.1 Minijob / marginal employment 

If you have a mini-job or a marginal employment, you apply for the social security number at the Minijob-Zentrale.

2.2 Working student

As a working student, you apply for the social security number via a statutory health insurance of your choice. Please note: a private health insurance (e.g. MAWISTA) cannot apply for or issue a social security number, even if you have health insurance there.

2.3 More than 450,00 € per month / full time

If you earn more than 450,00 € per month or work full time, you have to take out statutory health insurance. You also apply for your social security number via the statutory health insurance of your choice. If you have not yet switched to a statutory health insurance, we will inform you here free of charge about what you need to consider, introduce you to our two partners in the field of statutory health insurance and enable you to easily conclude a contract in just a few clicks.

How long does it take to receive my social security card?

It usually takes between two and four weeks for you to receive your social security card in the mail from Deutsche Rentenversicherung. If you need confirmation that you have applied for a social security card, the statutory health insurance can provide you with confirmation on request.

You can also obtain further information by calling the free service number of the German Pension Insurance: 0800-10004800.

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+49 7024 469 51-0

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